Diabetes Mellitus is a disease that affects the way the body uses food. The food we eat is converted into sugar also known as glucose) by a hormone called insulin. Insulin is produced in the pancreas (organ near the stomach) and is needed to convert sugar, starches and other food into energy for the body. When you have Diabetes, your pancreas does not produce or properly use insulin and this causes you to have a high concentration of blood sugar
- Foot deformity e.g. clawed toes, hammered toes, Charcot foot (deformity of the forefoot, mid – foot and ankle. It is only associated with total loss of feeling in the feet neuropa thy usually occurs in one foot which has good circulation).
- Neuropathy – when the protective sensation on the feet is lost. Neuropathic symptoms can be either a heightened sensation of nerve pain, burning, tingling, pins and needles or numbness (can be as sociated in the hands too).
- Reduced or poor circulation pulses in your feet are weak or not found when felt with the fingertips. You may also suffer with cramps in your calf muscles when walking (also known as intermittent claudication).
- Nail deformity thickened nails
- Excessive callus build – up or corns